2015’s HDB resale property market

Following the hash of cooling measures implemented and enforced over the last couple of years, prices of resale HDB flats have been on the decline since 2014. The dip may continue this year, and into 2016 but at a manageable rate. A fall of 5 to 8 per cent is expected this year, similar to the last.

Sembawang Breeze HDB

Photo credit: HDB

A look back at the past decade will see a huge and quick rise of resale flat prices since 2006. Some flats were even looking at a 95 per cent rise in prices. Much of the price rise was effected by the COV (cash-over-valuation) system. Since its removal last year, prices have began to fall, though very slightly.

What are the factors leading to this fall in HDB resale flat prices?

  1. A increased supply of BTO (build-to-order) flats
  2. Lowered MSR (mortgage servicing ratio) with a loan tenure period limit of 25 years (down from the previous 30 years)
  3. Allowing singles to apply for 2-room HDB flats directly from HDB instead of on the resale market
  4. Making it easier for second-timers to purchase directly from HDB
  5. A 3-year waiting period for Singapore Permanent Residents (PRs) before they are allowed to purchase HDB flats

Sellers and buyers may have taken 2014 to get used to the new measures and the price adjustments certainly showed as such. But 2015 could be the year where buyers come back into the market as prices become more palatable, and transaction volumes may be boosted by HDB’s scaled-down BTO supply.

For sellers, the dip may not be such a bad thing, yet. The price decline is fairly gentle and with the current prices, they will hardly make a loss, just not as much of a gain as before. It could be a win-win situation for all if the timing is right.

HDB resale market – Prices down, Sales up

15, 914 resale HDB flats were sold last year, compared to 14, 220 in 2013. Though the numbers were up in the terms of transaction volume, prices dipped slightly. Prices of resale flats in non-matures estates such as Punggol and Sengkang fell 8.3 per cent while those in mature estates such as Queenstown and Bishan saw a 3.1 per cent decline.
Pinnacle@Duxton_2015The largest drop were in the four- and five-room flats sectors. Prices of three-room flats remained the same while a 1.8 per cent increase may have cheered up some executive flat sellers. Recent additions to the resale market, flats at The Pinnacle @ Duxton, did extremely well, with 2 units already sold at $900,000 and $918,000. Property analysts are expecting four- and five-room flats here to hit the $1 million mark soon. With it’s prime location and unique design, plus it is only five-years young, that may not be such an impossible task.

Overall, the projected decline this year for the HDB market will mirror that of last, at a single-digit fall of 5 to 8 percent. And perhaps buyers will be buoyed by this news and have a good run this year as well. Industry experts are expecting a stable transaction level in the first 2 months of 2015, followed by an increase in activity in March after the Chinese New Year break.

Singapore home prices – The slow decline

Prices of residential properties, both private and public, may see a slow but continued decline in 2015. This year, the resale non-landed property market was ruled by an undulating price chart. After a recent rise in prices in October, prices once again fell in November. Property experts have found it impossible to predict future trends from such irregular movements and can only report the figures as they are.

Photo by ThinkStock.

Photo by ThinkStock.

In October for example, despite an increase in the number of mortgage sales and non-performing loans, prices of resale homes picked up nevertheless. Most of the information comes from URA’s quarterly statistics of private property transactions with caveats lodged. This however may not truly reflect home sales volume and prices, as they exclude factors such as developers’ discounts and rebates. But URA has mentioned disclosing prices of individual units in the near future. And perhaps a more frequent report would be helpful to the industry.

On the HDB resale front, the Minister for National Development, Mr. Khaw Boon Wan, has said that he hoped to see “single digit” fall in prices in 2015, indicating a gentle and gradual decline similar to that in 2014. The government is likely to tread lightly in this area as a drastic fall in home prices will bring about dissent from current home owners and will possibly affect their position in the next election. Buyers can expect a fall of about 8 per cent next year.

Marina Bay home sales show positive signs

Private home sales in the suburbs have been showing sign of strain as the increasing number of new completed condominium units compete for the increasingly limited number of buyers, which could be further limited due to loan limits, a downtown project seemed to be bucking the trend and pulling in sales in the luxury apartment sector.

Marina One Residences in the Marina Bay precinct secured half of the total number of home sales in October alone. But that could also be due to the fact that it was the only new launch in the month. 334 units of the 1,042-unit condominium were sold at the average selling price of $2,228 psf. However, sales were still lagging behind its initial preview launch when earlybird discounts were given, and sale prices hovered between $1,960 and $3,100 psf.

Marina ONe iprop watermarkDevelopers are finding it harder to attract the buying crowd and have found they are now more sensitive to pricing as it became more difficult to secure bank loans. Though the price fight is not evident yet, as buyers are still willing to fork out a considerable amount for properties in good locations, it may only be a matter of time before the cracks show. Especially since 2015 and 2016 will see an even bigger influx of completed private homes in the market.

For now, developers are focusing their efforts on selling remaining units at previously launched projects such as DUO Residences, Coco Palms and Lakeville condominium, thus holding back on new launches. Will this drive consumers towards other property types such as executive condominiums (ECs) and resale HDB flats or will they continue to seek better deals with the existing private property market?

New private condos threaten Rental Market

As more new private condominiums in the suburbs attain their occupation-ready status, the number of apartments available for rental has increased significantly and fierce competition has brought rental prices down. Though concentrated mainly in the suburbs, where most of the new condominiums are situated, the decline has dragged the rental market down by 1.5 per cent.

FOresta Mount FaberAnd as most of these new condominiums are in close proximity to HDB flats, the HDB rental market has also been affected somewhat as tenants now realised they may be able to afford a private condo after all and instead choose this option over HDB flats. And as this pressure is exerted on the HDB market, some HDB flat owners may consider jumping over to the private property market and the HDB resale flat sector may see some shifting as a result of the spillover effect.

From January to September of this year, there were a total of 6,621 condominium units entering the market in the suburbs alone. This has pushed rental prices down 5.3 per cent and a 1.3 drop in the number of rental deals signed in September alone. However, a year-on-year comparison with 2013 showed an increase of 11.8 per cent in terms of the number of units leased. This could signify a shift of tenants leasing private properties as opposed to HDB flats as the price gap narrows.

Eight RiversuitesMoving forward, 2015 and 2016 may see a vacancy rate of 10 per cent and more if immigration policies remain the same and if rental prices become even more competitive with up to 20,000 new units reaching completion annually. Is this a sign that the cooling measures have worked? Or is it merely a sign that investing in residential property may have to take a different slant, to focus on long-term profits through property appreciation rather than on short-term rental profits? How does that then change the criteria for property selection?

Do upgraded HDB flats bring higher resale prices?

Given an older resale HDB flat in a prime location and a recently upgraded one in a less popular HDB estate, which would you choose?

HDB recently announced that they will be speeding up the Home Improvement Programme, the Neighbourhood Renewal Programme and the Selective Lift Replacement Programme. Some sellers and property agents are putting a higher price tag on flats which have be selected for such programmes. But with caveats.

HDB MUPPhoto credit: HDB

Only HDB flats whose owners have already paid for the upgrading may have an edge in the resale market. As the upgrading is usually only billed and paid for after the work is completed, some buyers may find themselves having to foot the bill for the flat or estate’s upgrading work if the seller has not already done so. Though it may seem like a significant difference, property agents are saying that it will not affect resale prices on the whole. The most it will do is slow down the price decline.

In fact, some buyers may prefer not to purchase flats which have yet been upgraded as it may bring inconveniences such as dust and noise for a significant period of time. Only flats which have been completely upgraded can command a higher selling price. But buyers who are thinking ahead may consider these older flats for the potential they hold once upgrading has been completed. With elderly-friendly facilities, newer amenities, perhaps even more room, the future could be more promising than you think.

More vacant EC units left in the market

Executive Condominiums (ECs) used to be the cream of the public housing crop. But now, one in eight EC units are left unoccupied in the market. What are the reasons behind this change?

Belysa Executive Condominium in Pasir Ris is not yet available on the resale market for foriegn purchase. But it will be in 10 years' time.

Belysa Executive Condominium in Pasir Ris.

One of the main factors could be the increasing number of completed units whose owners have yet to renovate or move into. Some of these EC developments include Esparina Residences in Sengkang, Belysa in Pasir Ris and Riverparc Residence in Punggol. ECs are particularly attractive to young families as they are poised to help them move in the private property market eventually. A hybrid between public and private housing, buyers of executive condominiums are able to utilize the public housing grants for the initial purchase, and after 10 years, the property becomes privatized and owners can then reap the profits from selling the units in the private property market.

There are also a number of home owners who have purchase units to make use of the public housing grants they are eligible for, but do not yet need to live in them. They may opt instead to rent out their units after the 5-year minimum occupation period (MOP).

As the overall property market weakens and the HDB resale market remains flat, HDB upgraders who may have planned for a move are finding themselves unable to find a buyer for their existing flat, thus have yet to move into their new ECs.

Is the EC market softening? And will it continue to do so? Currently vacancy rates are at 6 per cent according the URA figures and thus far 739 units have been left vacant. What does this signify for 2014 as the year makes its way into the last quarter?

Property market slump continues

Resale home sales and rental prices have continued to soften as we reach the middle of Q3. July proved to be rather quiet for the resale private home market as prices reached a 21-month low, according to the Singapore Real Estate Exchange (SRX) figures.

LakevilleAs more new private properties reached their completion dates and entered the rental market, the number of units for rent increased, which caused the rental market to become more competitive. And as immigration rules tightened, the supply and demand scale tipped in favor of tenants. Rental prices were at a 38-month low last month. And the blow is felt not only in the private property market but also the HDB resale market with prices dropping to a 30-month low in July.

The areas with the largest price decline is the city center, with prices dropping 4 per cent. This is followed by the city fringe areas with a 1.1 per cent dip and the suburban districts with a 0.6 per cent drop. Property experts say that the drop in rental prices could be one of the reasons contributing to the slipping resale prices.

With property prices so closely linked to immigration policies in this small nation, how will the authorities balance the issues of housing and population?