HDB property market – Has balance been struck?

The last four years saw aggressive moves by the Housing Development Board to release and build new HDB flats. In 2014 alone, 51, 598 new HDB flats were added.

Has this supply of new flats been effective in stabilising the property market? Is the supply and demand scale now balanced? Minister for National Development, Mr Khaw Boon Wan, has mentioned that the increased supply has helped move the selling price of HDB flats down, yet at a gradual pace and margin which buyers are still able to stomach.

WEst Rock HDB FlatFrom this year on, the number of new HDB flats will begin to decrease, from 50,796 this year to 38,316 in 2018. Which could mean that this year might be the watershed year for the HDB market. Will buyers be taking the opportunity to purchase before supply becomes tighter once more? Or will the number of HDB flats which have been released thus far be able to provide for a stable resale market, keeping a level playing field between buyers and sellers?

As Singapore grows in population size, and global and domestic economies fluctuate, all this would also be tightly linked to population and immigration policies. With the election possibly coming our way next year, buyers may take the chance to look out for opportunities to upgrade property-wise this year, or perhaps wait and see what the post-election changes may bring.

Higher success rates with HDB priority schemes

More BTO (build-to-order) HDB flat applicants have been successful in securing their units of choice at recent HDB sales launches. Under the Parenthood priority scheme, the number of married parents applying for a unit have dropped from 10,000 to 8,000 last year.

BuangkokParkVista_HDBWhat could this mean for the resale HDB flat market? As property prices drop, more HDB flat buyers may widen their options here, instead of heading straight for the new HDB flats. Some may have location considerations, especially if they have elderly parents or young children preparing to enter specific primary or secondary schools.

In 2013, 26, 494 new HDB flats were released.  But as the supply of BTO flats decrease, dropping to 16, 900 this year, and as most first-time HDB flat applicants successfully receive their flats in time for family-planning; the number of applications under these priority schemes look set to fall as well. Many of these new flats could be in non-mature estates. But as mature estates reach a saturation and before these non-mature estates reach maturation, will resale HDB flats  and private properties be the way to fill in the gaps for buyers looking to live nearer their workplaces, elderly parents or children’s schools? Will temporary rental of condominium apartments or even HDB flats be a stop-gap for this group of home seekers; and will that be an opportunity for investors and landlords of properties near schools and MRT stations?

Applying for a HDB loan – Do it early

If you’ve been waiting for ages to qualify and apply for a HDB flat, the housing development board has advised against last minute loan applications.

Not only does the process help you get a firm grip on your finances, it also helps give you a better idea of how to plan for the future. A HDB loan eligibility letter will tell you how much you are able to loan from the Housing Development Board (HDB) should that option be your mortgage financier of choice. Some buyers may opt for a bank loan instead.

MacPhersonSpring_HDB

Photo credit: HDB

But if you’re buying a BTO flat directly from HDB, they will require a HDB loan eligibility letter when booking a flat. This is to prevent buyers finding themselves in a bind, unable to acquire sufficient loans after they have already booked a flat. Previously, they were only required to have the HDB loan eligibility letter when signing the Agreement for Lease which could be a number of months after booking a flat.

Though this may not affect those looking to purchase a resale HDB flat, some buyers who may original be considering a BTO flat may change tracks and also consider resale options should they qualify for a higher loan quantum. Will this then be a boost for the resale HDB flat market?

The latest BTO launch in February consists of flats, including larger 3Gen (3-generation) flats, in non-mature estates such as Bukit Batok, Housing and also the mature estates of Geylang. The new McPherson Spring flats in Geylang are situated near the MacPherson MRT station and may be the first to be booked up. For singles who are now able to purchase 2-room BTO flats directly from HDB, those in Housing may be hot property. Applications will close on Tuesday and it may be some time before the next launch in May.

Resale HDB flats – The 2015 outlook

Across the board, property prices dipped slightly last year, and it was the same in the resale HDB flat market. The last month of 2014 showed a 10 per cent fall in prices, and the Minister for National Development, Mr Khaw Boon Wan, has mentioned an estimated single-digit drop in prices this year.

SeaHorizonECResale flats in mature estates are however holding their own. Prices remained resilient mainly due to the rarity of units in these saturated estates and good locations. In non-mature estates such as Bukit Batok, Bukit Panjang, Choa Chu Kang, Hougang, Jurong East, Jurong West, Punggol, Sembawang, Sengkang, Woodlands and Yishun; resale flat prices fell 0.9 per cent in December, while a rise of 0.2 per cent was reflected in the mature estates sales figures.

The price decline was mainly attributed to stricter mortgage servicing ratio limits and a tightening of immigration  policies. Singapore permanent residents are now required to wait 3 years before being allowed to purchase resale flats.

But it were the larger four- and five-room flats which experienced the fall more than three-room resale flats whose prices remained level. And on the higher end of the public housing spectrum, executive flats prices rose 1.8 per cent. As a rare commodity, a hybrid which crosses smoothly from public to private housing, executive condominiums are much sought after. Though the recent close launches of a few EC projects are the same time may have reduced the percentage of uptake per development.

Industry experts are expecting sales to remain low in the first 2 months of 2015, and pick up after the Lunar New Year, perhaps even a slight rebound in the later half of the year.

2015’s HDB resale property market

Following the hash of cooling measures implemented and enforced over the last couple of years, prices of resale HDB flats have been on the decline since 2014. The dip may continue this year, and into 2016 but at a manageable rate. A fall of 5 to 8 per cent is expected this year, similar to the last.

Sembawang Breeze HDB

Photo credit: HDB

A look back at the past decade will see a huge and quick rise of resale flat prices since 2006. Some flats were even looking at a 95 per cent rise in prices. Much of the price rise was effected by the COV (cash-over-valuation) system. Since its removal last year, prices have began to fall, though very slightly.

What are the factors leading to this fall in HDB resale flat prices?

  1. A increased supply of BTO (build-to-order) flats
  2. Lowered MSR (mortgage servicing ratio) with a loan tenure period limit of 25 years (down from the previous 30 years)
  3. Allowing singles to apply for 2-room HDB flats directly from HDB instead of on the resale market
  4. Making it easier for second-timers to purchase directly from HDB
  5. A 3-year waiting period for Singapore Permanent Residents (PRs) before they are allowed to purchase HDB flats

Sellers and buyers may have taken 2014 to get used to the new measures and the price adjustments certainly showed as such. But 2015 could be the year where buyers come back into the market as prices become more palatable, and transaction volumes may be boosted by HDB’s scaled-down BTO supply.

For sellers, the dip may not be such a bad thing, yet. The price decline is fairly gentle and with the current prices, they will hardly make a loss, just not as much of a gain as before. It could be a win-win situation for all if the timing is right.

Buyers think property market cool-down is here to stay

Private property prices and sales have been cooling for the past few months, and the market sentiments are that the cool-down will continue into the next year. Almost 4 in 10 people think that property prices will continue to decline over the next 6 months, though young couples who are at the verge of moving into the private property market think that a rise in housing prices may still be possible.

SantoriniInstead of a drastic fall in property prices, what 2014 has seen is a stabilisation of prices. HDB flat prices started off the price-drop which began in the second half of 2013. The private property sector followed suit in the beginning of this year. The most hard-hitting cooling measure was the restrictive loan limit which meant it became harder to borrow money to purchase a property. Although this may have made private property prices fall slightly, prices of HDB flats have not fallen significantly enough and with it becoming harder to get a HDB or bank loan, buyers of resale flats may be priced out of the market.

Thus a valid question may be, is the price decline sufficient? Is the decline sector- specific and is owning a property in Singapore a feasible goal for most citizens? What else can the authorities do to ensure equal opportunities for all. As the country prepares itself for the next General Election, answers may come soon.

Private resale homes – Dip in sales volume and prices continue

The number of resale transactions of private properties have dipped across the board and that in turn has affected the pricing index reflected by the SRPI (Singapore Residential Property Index). SRPI figures showed a 0.7 per cent drop in September, despite hopes that the market will rebound after the Hungry Ghost Festival.

STeven SuitesProperty analysts are reporting an imbalance in the expectations of home sellers and buyers. Stronger holding power of home sellers have meant that fewer properties were exchanging hands and they have instead opted to hold on to their properties till the market turns around. With the exception of shoebox apartments it seems. There was a price gain there of 0.4 per cent. This could be a clear indication of the preferences of buyers in the current market situation and perhaps provides an inkling of the months ahead.

One of the most affected property sectors are the luxury homes. Although buyers and investors of these high-end properties may not be detoured by the additional levies and loan limits, they may be deterred by the buying restrictions. And as the number of unsold luxury properties increases, developers are now offering discounts to entice them back into the fold.

As 2014 draws to an end, many may be wondering how the property market will fare in 2015. As the government has recently announced that the property cooling measures are not likely to ease in the near future, property analysts are expecting a 8 to 10 per cent decline. What will that mean for the overall market and will any particular property type stand out? Will the drop in private home prices mean a similar drop in HDB resale flat prices or will the demand for resale flats rise as more turn towards this less expensive option?

New life at Jurong Lake district

We’ve all heard about the various prestigious “Lake districts” of popular cities across the globe. Now, Singapore could finally boast a few of their own as waterfront living takes on a whole new spin. Sentosa Cove, Marina Bay, Punggol waterway and now Jurong Lake.

Lake Life ECAt the Lake Life EC (executive condominium) in the Jurong Lake district, almost 1,200 applications were registered when it was launched 2 weekends ago. And with one in three applicants being a first-time home buyer, it shows the demand for and power of these hybrid properties. An EC is sold under the HDB scheme but after 10 years, it becomes private property, making it value for money in the long run.

Though EC buyers may qualify for the HDB grants and subsidies, it largely depends on their income ceiling, which has been raised to $12,000 per household. Prices of these flats are also considerably higher than other HDB flats, new and resale.

As the price gap between private homes in the city centre and city fringe continue to narrow, and as suburban private properties rise in price, ECs may become the property of choice for growing households and young couples. How the scale tips may eventually affect the effectiveness and purpose of this hybrid property. Are ECs here to stay? Or could they possibly become obsolete?