Decline of home prices not reflective of cooling measures’ power

It all boils down to holding power. Of both buyers with their mortgages and home loans; and developers with their unsold units. Despite a year of seemingly repressed property market growth, the actual decline in home prices as a direct effect of the property cooling measures may not be as steep as it feels like. In fact, URA figures show only a 3.9 per cent drop in prices since Oct 1 of 2013 to 30 Sept of this year.

TheVermontCairnhillSince the property boom of 2009, home prices have increased 65 per cent till the end of 2013. Whereas the drop this year is a mere 4 per cent. Which means, property prices are still more than double of what they were before 2009.

Though the average total quantum price of homes may have dropped, the psf prices are maintained at a reasonable level as the main change comes from the diminishing property sizes. Though buyers’ affordability now ranges between $1million to $1.3 million, figures which have held steady for the past 5 years; the median sizes of new homes have fallen from 1, 195 sq ft in 2009 to 753 sq ft in 2014. This is a sure sign that developers are still holding on to their asking prices while giving less in terms of liveable space.

Resale homes are holding up better than new homes however, with a 3 per cent drop as compared to a 6 per cent drop of the latter. This is largely due to developers’ offers of discounts on unsold units. Examples of these can be seen at The Vermont At Cairnhill, and also at Sky Habitat, where more units were moved after a 10 to 15 per cent cut in prices.

Moving into the new year, property analysts are expecting sales volume of next year to be similar to 2014’s, though home prices are unlikely to experience a drastic drop. Rather, a gentle decline into a comfortable equilibrium is what most experts are prone to agree on.

More transparency with Property prices

The Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA) has recently hinted that even clearer property transaction price trends will be provided publicly come 2015. Within the first half of the year, property players, the buying public, and even policymakers will be able to get their hands on prices of individual units in developer-sold properties.
URA 2

Photo credit: Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA).

This may level the playing field as currently, even though median prices of units in each residential project is shown on the URA website, only when units have been purchased, and only those with caveats lodged with the URA will have their prices disclosed.

Part of the reason for the change could be the fact that more developers have been offering discounts and rebates of sorts on new units, ever since the cooling measures kicked in, which meant affordability have decreased and total quantum value has now become the new unit of measurement. As these discounts are often not registered in the caveats, the prices disclosed may not paint the entire picture.
iProperty price transaction page

Source: iProperty.com.sg

Buyers may be able to now better negotiate their deals instead of relying on developers’ statistics. How will this impact the market and while transparency is a mature way of moving forward, will developers be able to withstand the continued price decline? Or perhaps the question would be, how long more before prices hit the bottom of the curve and begin its upward climb?

Varied market response to declining property prices

Home prices in both the private and resale HDB markets have continued to dip in the second quarter of 2014. In the first three months of the year, the decline was 1.6 per cent. Perhaps buoyed by the increased number of launched in Q2, the rate of decline was somewhat less steep at 1.3 per cent the quarter past.

Rezi 3 TwoBuyers who have been on the lookout for opportunities such as this may be happy to find that more than a few property developments have been offering discounts. Though the overall number of sales have picked up in the second quarter, mostly due to new launches, the private homes market saw a more obvious slowdown in both the city centre and suburbs. The drop was 1.5 per cent in the city centre and 1.1 per cent in the suburbs. Properties in the city fringe fared better with a 0.6 per cent drop, an improvement considering the 3.3 per cent dive in the earlier part of the year.

But there are those who are concerned about the longevity of their investment should they purchase now. The question they may ask is, is this the lowest prices can go? If I were to buy now, will the prices continue to drop? Though property analysts are doubtful that the prices will bottom out anytime soon, they are expecting the maximum of a 5 per cent decline.

As long as the supply continues at a steady pace, prices will not vary far from the current levels. Perhaps true change will only come with a shift in policies. Considering the elections will be here in a couple of years’ time, the time leading up to that might be a period of uncertainty.

Resale HDB flats prices dip

The number of resale HDB flat buyers is diminishing. At its two-year low last month, the number of flats which exchanged hands in May was 1, 320. In April, 1, 484 resale flats were sold. Prices also fell 1.2 per cent in May, the lowest since April 2012 according to the Singapore Real Estate Exchange’s (SRX) price index.

Marsiling Greenview BTO HDB FlatThe most common reason for the drop was the loan curbs. This has prevented many buyers from securing a desired loan amount, thus unless they have a large enough cash reserve, it usually puts a resale flat out of sight. The number of transactions in March and April were more positive but that could be due to the pent out demand following the festive season in January and February. Other possible reasons for May’s drop could be the release of new BTO and SBF (sale of balance) flats by HDB in the same month. The latter SBF flats are usually more popular with location- and price-conscious buyers as they are cheaper than resale flats but yet are situated in mature estates.

But what about HDB upgraders who are have purchased private properties? Unlike private property owners who are not allowed to purchase HDB flats, HDB flat owners are allowed to purchase private properties. But as buyers play the waiting game, resale flat owners are now simply willing to wait, if they can, or rent out their HDB flats. This in turn keeps rental supply high, but that also means they will be likely to compete with private property rentals. As the supply of tenants are kept stable, this could also mean there will be a price-war in the rental market.

How long will the resale market remain weak? Will it be a tough uphill climb?

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When even suburban mass-market home prices fell

 
8 RajaSingapore’s housing market could be bracing itself for a year of tougher times. It has after all enjoyed a rather long period of highs.  Though the initial signs are slight, a 0.7 per cent drop in December, it could be a warning for the year or next couple of years ahead.

As new properties now come with lower price tags, apartments in the resale market may find themselves having to lower their prices as well in order to attract buyers. The biggest decline came in the suburban segment, which may be a bit of a downer for the market since this is the sector which has been faring the best for many consecutive quarters. But the huge number of launches all over the island could have diluted the buying crowd. Investors who would previously have snapped up these properties in a jiffy may also have been hindered by the loan restrictions implemented last June.

Homes in the central districts could however take the hardest beating this year as many are left unsold. As most of the properties head towards completion in the next few years, the housing supply glut may become more apparent. Put into the mix resale properties and the bowl seems rather big, unless of course the population grows, which might cause other issues for the small nation and its limited resources and space.

Less investing in private homes

Overall home prices have been losing steam, with significant signs showing in the last quarter of 2013. Mass market private home prices have begun to soften and investors are generally shying away from private properties. Upmarket luxury properties however might be the hardest hit as big funders who had previously purchased units in bulk choose to wash their hands of their investments early. Newton Imperial condominium is one example, with 21 units being put up for bulk sale earlier this month.

Hillford Retirement HomeSome investors may however choose to hold on to their properties and tide over the property cooling period. On the ground, city centre home prices have already fallen, and city fringe homes may follow suit. Individual buyers may be waiting for further price cuts or discounts from developers, thus widening the void in the market. But the market can hardly stagnate as activity will no doubt continue, though at a slightly more subdued level.

Some analysts are predicting the ebb and flow of the private property market this year to be highly dependent on the type and number of new property launches. As that too may be lower in number, one may wonder if 2014 might be a dull year for the real estate industry. But the first quarter of the year may bring about some positive change. The launch of The Hillford at Jalan Jurong Kechil earlier this month for example, sold out within its launch day with prices averaging $1, 100 psf.

The Resale HDB flat rollercoaster ride

A year or two ago, the property market was at its peak and now, it seems to be have taken the quick dash down. With the fervent entry of new HDB flats and private properties over the last 3 years, the market is now facing a possible glut. The continuous implementation of property cooling measures also accounted for much of the decrease in activity over the last 2 quarters.

The resale market for HDB flats seem to have taken a dive due to the bumper crop of BTO flats. Photo courtesy of Singapore Tourism Board.

The resale market for HDB flats seem to have taken a dive due to the bumper crop of BTO flats. Photo courtesy of Singapore Tourism Board.

Data from the Urban Redevelopment Authority seems to signify a peak in home supply in 2016. That is when most of the properties purchased in the past 2 years will be completed and ready for occupation. That might mean many will be compelled to sell their existing homes and the resale HDB flat market may then face yet another challenge then. By 2016, 33,290 homes are expected to be completed.

In the resale HDB market, transactions have been at an all-time low since 2005. Prices fell by 0.6 per cent, and sellers may find themselves at the mercy of market demand. Median COV prices are now $10,000 and below. No longer are the days when sellers could command exorbitant cash premiums, which have to be paid upfront.

Most buyers in the resale HDB flat market now are upgraders or PRs. But the pool of buyers may have diminished as buyers may be restricted by loan limits and reduced number of foreigners granted permanent residency. PRs are now only allowed to purchase HDB flats after a 3-year period. Property analysts are expecting interest to rise again after the first half of the year, as low prices bring the buyers back.